At a societal level, the pet’s neutering is often considered as part of a general effort to combat abandonment and mistreatment. With the advent of domestication, the number of pets has outstripped the capacity of human households worldwide. As a result, a large number of animals are abandoned in the wild with no means of survival, or in shelters (where they are either adopted or euthanized).
What's more, stray animals present a number of risks for wildlife (environmental contamination, nuisance factors) and public health (zoonoses, aggression, property damage). To counter this dynamic, most animal protection associations in all countries recommend that owners sterilize their pets.
On a more individual level, owners may opt to neuter their pet to avoid unwanted litter, but this is not the only reason: sterilization prevents certain serious diseases in pets, including uterine infections and prostate problems.
It can also reduce the risk of certain cancers. Finally, it can reduce certain undesirable behaviors in pets, such as running away, territorial marking and excessive vocalizations linked to reproduction. There are many reasons to sterilize an animal, but each situation is unique: the veterinarian's role is essential to help the owner make an informed decision, advising on the method of sterilization, if deemed necessary, taking into account the benefits and risks specific to each animal.
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